Forestry is a major land use within the GER corridor. In the NSW section of the corridor alone, there are 207 state forests covering an area of 1,231,276 ha. Although state forests are primarily managed for timber production, they nonetheless have an important conservation role to play within the Great Eastern Ranges corridor.
Native vegetation in state forests is important habitat for native species. For example, within NSW, the endangered Long-footed Potoroo is only known to occur in three state forests and one national park in south-eastern NSW. Whilst the majority of native vegetation within state forests is managed for timber production, only a small percentage of the total area is logged per year, and some logging restrictions are in place to protect certain habitat features, such as hollow-bearing trees. Some areas of particularly sensitive native habitat in state forests are managed for conservation, rather than timber production (such as Flora Reserves in NSW).
Even pine plantations within state forests can provide shelter and foraging opportunities for some native animal species, or allow them to move across the landscape, increasing connectivity. The diversity of species that use pine plantations often depends on how close and well-connected these areas are to patches of native habitat.